HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF:
- Stay indoors as much as possible and limit exposure to the sun.
- Stay on the lowest floor out of the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.
- Consider spending the warmest part of the day in public buildings such as libraries, schools, movie theaters, shopping malls and other community facilities.
- Drink plenty of water. Persons who have epilepsy or heart, kidney or liver disease; are on fluid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.
- Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
- Check on family, friends and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
- Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
- Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat and take frequent breaks.
SIGNS OF HEAT EXHAUSTION; IF SOMEONE HAS SYMPTOMS:
- Heavy sweating but skin may be cool, pale or flushed.
- Weak pulse.
- Normal body temperature is possible, but temperature will likely rise.
- Fainting or dizziness, nausea, vomiting, exhaustion and headaches are possible.
IF SOMEONE HAS SYMPTOMS OF HEAT EXHAUSTION:
- Move the victim to a cool area.
- Increase cool water intake.
- Place cool, wet towel on neck and under arms.
- Seek medical attention if symptoms worsen.
SIGNS OF HEAT STROKE; CALL 9-1-1 IF SOMEONE HAS THESE SYMPTOMS:
- High body temperature (105+).
- Hot, red, dry skin.
- Rapid, weak pulse and rapid, shallow breathing.
- Victim will probably not sweat unless victim was sweating from recent strenuous activity.
- Possible unconsciousness